Bali Traditional Villages
Tenganan Village located at northwest of Candidasa, Karangasem regency, only 2 hours drive from Denpasar city. This unique village is situated about 5km from the main road. Tenganan is a symmetrically laid out Bali Aga village with a walled homes and unique cultures. Bali Aga was the original community or inhabitant of Bali island, before the arrival of Javanese Hindu. Tenganan Village retains its ancient pre-Hindu customs through a strong code of non-fraternization with outsiders, further enforced by the protection of its surrounding walls.
Tenganan Village has some very fascinating authentic traditional festival (gladiator) like Bali Aga of Tenganan village often holds the battle between local man, the ceremony is called Perang pandan( Pandan war). The people of Tenganan village are skilled in the special technique of weaving, called the ‘double ikat’, where the belief in the magical power of the fabric is essential in bringing out the beauty of the ikat cloth.
There are some versions history of Bali Aga in Tenganan village. One story of them is the word Tenganan was derived from the word “tengah” or “ngatengahang” which means, “move to the inner area”. This derivation of word was having a relation with the movement of the villagers from the seaside to a rural area, in which the position of this village is in the middle of hills, which are western hill and eastern hill area.
If you visit this place you will feel comfortable when in this area, for some facilities are available here, like food stalls, clean toilets, arts shops and a large parking area. If we wish to have meal in restaurants or to spend the night near this area, we can go to Candidasa, only 30 minutes drive from this village. To get to Tenganan, get a lift up from the main road by ojek; and have a pleasant walk back down to the main road contemplating the intricacies of the Bali Aga culture. There is no entrance fee to Tenganan but a small donation is requested as we enter the village.
2. Trunyan Village
Trunyan Village located between the Batur lake and the outer crater rim of Batur volcano. This is an Old Aga village (bali aga), inhabited by descendants of the original Balinese (the people who predate the arrival of the Majapahit kingdom in the 16th century). In this village you will find a Temple called Pura Pancering Jagat temple, but visitors are not allowed go inside. There is also other part of traditional Village-style dwellings, and a large banyan tree, more than 1,000 years old. At Kuban sub-village close to Trunyan is a mysterious cemetery that is separated by the lake and accessible only by boat, there is no path along the steep walls of the crater rim.
Trunyan village is another ancient village inhabited known as “Bali Aga” (old Bali) who live in ways that are vastly different from other Balinese. Trunyan Village has a unique & 100% different way of burial.When they have a burial ceremony, the villagers simply places corpse under banyan tree (pohon beringin). The odor is mysteriously masked by a special arboreal fragrance emitted by the banyan tree.
Different than cremation ceremony of Balinese people in Bali, the villagers in Trunyan village do not cremate their dead, but just lay corpse out in bamboo cages to decompose. The dead bodies don’t produce bad smells because of the perfumed scents from a huge fantastic tree (Taru Menyan tree) growing nearby. The word Taru means ‘tree‘ and Menyan means ‘nice smell’ which means nice smell of the tree. The villagers in Trunyan believe,if a woman comes to the cemetery while a corpse is being carried there, there will be a disaster in the village, for example earthquakes ,outbreaks of disease, a landslide or a volcanic eruption etc. Such events have been frequent in the village. that is the reason why, women are prohibited from going to the cemetery when a dead body is carried there.