Besakih Temple ( pura besakih), known as Bali’s ‘Mother Temple’ sits 1,000 metres high on the southwestern slopes of Mount Agung. Besakih is a large complex comprises at least 18 temples which include the main Pura Penataran Agung (the Great Temple of State) and 17 others. located at besakih village, karangasem regency, about 2 hours drive from bali Airport. Besakih is the biggest Hindu temple in Asia and the stuning views of rice paddies, hills, mountains, streams, city, and ocean can be seen from the temple. Besakih temple had been nominated as a World Heritage Site as early as 1995, but remains unvested.
The precise origins of the temple are not clear but it almost certainly dates from prehistoric times. The stone bases of main complex (Pura Penataran Agung) and several other temples resemble megalithic stepped pyramids, which date back at least 2000 years. But one story of Besakih goes back In the 8th century,when a Hindustani monk known as “Rsi Markandeya” from Java came to Bali with his followers and had revelations to build homes for people during his isolation. Throughout the process, many of his followers died due to illness and accidents.
On its completion it was called ‘Basuki’, referring to the dragon deity ‘Naga Besukian’, believed to inhabit Mount Agung. The name eventually evolved into ‘Besakih. A series of eruptions of Mount Agung in 1963, which killed approximately 1,700 people which also threatened Besakih temple. The lava flows missed the temple complex by mere meters. The saving of the temple is regarded by the Balinese people as miraculous, and a signal from the gods that they wished to demonstrate their power but not destroy the monument the Balinese faithful had erected.
Each year there are at least seventy festivals held at the complex, as each shrine has its own anniversary, plus the big holidays based on the 210-day Balinese Hindu calendar system.The best visiting times of the day are in the early morning and in the evening as the complex is much quieter during these hours and Bear in mind that you should wear a proper top, a sarong, and a sash.
Places of interest nearby :
|Klungkung Kingdom||Bali Safari||The Largest Lake|