Ceremony in Bali
Ngaben or the Cremation Ceremony is the ritual performed to send the dead through the transition to his next life. The village Kul Kul, hanging in the tower of the village temple, will sound a certain beat to announce the departure of the deceased. The body of the deceased will be placed at Bale Delod, as if he were sleeping, and the family will continue to treat him as if he were still alive yet sleeping. No tears are shed, for he is only gone temporarily and he will reincarnate into the family.
The Priest consults the Dewasa to determine the proper day for the ceremony. On the day of the ceremony, the body of the deceased is placed inside a coffin which is then placed inside a sarcophagus in the form of a buffalo (called Lembu) or a temple structure called Wadah made of paper and light wood. The Wadah will be carried to the village cremation site in a procession.
The climax of Ngaben is the burning of the Wadah, using fire originating from a holy source. The deceased is sent to his afterlife, to be reincarnated in the future. Every Balinese family has the responsibility to ensure that a proper ngaben takes place if a family member dies. If this does not happen this will have severe consequences for the deceased and his/her family.
The preparations for these people are always the best one can have, as the best priest is called upon, the holiest water is used and the most appropriate date is chosen for the cremation. Unlike the funeral, the ngaben is a joyful occasion as the soul of the deceased is now ready to continue its journey to heaven followed by reincarnation.
2. Nyepi Day “Silent Day”
Nyepi Day or “Day of Silence” that is commemorated every Isakawarsa (Saka new year) according to the Balinese calendar (Usually on March ). It is a Hindu celebration mainly celebrated in Bali island. Nyepi, classified as public holiday in Indonesia, is a day of silence, fasting and meditation for the Balinese.
Start from 6 a.m. until 6 a.m. the next morning,The main restrictions in Nyepi day are no lighting fires (and lights must be kept low); no working; no entertainment or pleasure; no traveling. The effect of these prohibitions is that Bali’s usually bustling streets and roads are empty, there is little or no noise from TVs and radios, and few signs of activity are seen even inside homes. The only people to be seen outdoors are the Pecalang or traditional security men who patrol the streets to ensure the prohibitions are being followed. So nothing of activities in Bali, even at Bali International Airport for whole day
3. Galungan & Kuningan Day
Galungan Day is a Balinese holiday celebrating the victory of dharma over adharma or known as victory of good over bad . It marks the time when the ancestral spirits visit the Earth. The last day of the celebration is Kuningan, when they return. The date is calculated according to the 210-day Balinese calendar or about every 6 month.
Galungan marks the beginning of the most important recurring religious ceremonies. . The most obvious sign of the celebrations are the penjor – bamboo poles with offerings suspended at the end. These are installed by the side of roads. A number of days around the Galungan & Kuningan day have special names, and are marked by the organization of particular activities.
|Name of day||Activities|
|3 days before||Penyekeban||Cooking of bananas for offerings|
|2 days before||Penyajaan||Making of jaja (fried rice cakes)|
|1 day before||Penampahan||Slaughtering of pigs or duck & make Penjor|
|at the Day||Galungan||Praying to local temples|
|1 day after||Manis Galungan||Visiting family|
|10 days after||Kuningan||Prayers, offerings – spirits return to heaven|