Temples in Bali
What is meaning of the Temples in Bali..??
A Pura is a Balinese Hindu temple. and the place of worship for the adherents of Balinese Hinduism in Indonesia. Puras are built in accordance to rules, style, guidance and rituals found in Balinese architecture. Most of the puras are found on the island of Bali, as Hinduism is the predominant religion in the island. Pura in Bali is a complex of buildings open, and also have some type of pura dedicated to the worship of manifestation of God. Balinese Hindu does not going to the temple everyday, if we have a ceremony at the temple only. Everyday, we just pray at the family temple in our house. Mother Temple of Besakih is the most important, the largest and holiest temple in Bali. A large number of puras have been built in Bali, leading it to be titled “the Island of a Thousand Puras” (temples).
Kind of the temples :
1.Family temple is a place of worship for all members of their family , Each Balinese Hindu family has family temple for worship God and their ancestor.
2.Villagers temple : Generaly every village in Bali has 3 temples, this temples for the every members of the vellage only.
-Pura desa: a type of pura dedicated to the worship of Brahma, that are located within villages or cities, serving as the center of Balinese people’s religious activities.
– Pura puseh: a type of pura dedicated to the worship of Vishnu.
-Pura dalem: a type of pura dedicated to the worship of Shiva, Usually Shiva’s shakti,Durga,is venerated in this temple. In human life cycle, the temple is connected to rituals concerning death.
3.Public temple : this type is dedicated to every manifestation of God. In this temples not just for villagers or family members but all Balinese Hindu around Bali and also you can come to pray. Public Temple usually very large. At the picture is Mother Temple ( Besakih Temple) is the most important, the largest and holiest public temple in Bali.
4.functional Temples. This balinese hindu temple is a place of worship for people with particular livelihoods or occupations. this temple is very simple, and a type of pura dedicated to the worship of God, that are located at their work environment.
Temples belonging to this category are:
–Melanting Temple for merchants
-Subak Temple for farmers